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Andrew J. Miller

Miller

Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, 1983

Professor

211-I Sondheim Hall
443-904-4484
miller@umbc.edu

Research Interests

I am interested in the interaction between watershed form, hydrologic response, and fluvial morphology with particular focus on interactions between flood processes and channel and valley-floor boundary conditions. In recent years this work has focused primarily on small urban watersheds which experience extreme floods relative to watershed size with much greater frequency than is observed in other landscapes. I am also interested in the geomorphic transformation of the landscape associated with urban development, which we can now quantify at much finer resolution than was possible in the past; and with the implications of landscape transformation for hydrologic processes, flowpaths and residence times, including but not limited to floods. Ongoing research in collaboration with colleagues at the UMBC Center for Urban Environmental Research and Education includes work on the connection between patterns of urban development and impacts on the water cycle, work on the impacts of stream restoration on watershed hydrologic response and sediment yield, and work on the relative effectiveness of stormwater management on storm response in urban watersheds. A recent project that funded work by M.S. student Mitchell Donovan investigated the rate of remobilization of “legacy” sediment from Maryland Piedmont floodplains and assessment of the relative importance of historic mill dam deposits in supplying sediment to Piedmont streams. I am also involved in a team monitoring and assessment of the geomorphic impacts of dam removal and the fate and transport of sediment stored behind dams, particularly with the anticipated removal of the 40-foot-high Bloede Dam on the Patapsco River just 10 minutes from our campus.

Current graduate students include

Ph.D. student Peter Chirico, U.S. Geological Survey, (research topic: Identification, mapping, and evaluation of low-grade artisanally mined diamond placer deposits in data sparse and conflict prone terrain). Pete is in his second year in the Ph.D. program;

M.S. student Marina Metes is in her first year at UMBC. She graduated from Michigan State University with a B.S. in Earth Science in 2012. Marina is interested in fluvial geomorphology, flood hazards and impacts, and GIS applications in urban hydrology and geomorphology.

Past graduate students include

Dr. Melanie Harrison (co-advised with Peter Groffman, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies; dissertation topic: Biogeochemical hotspots of nitrogen removal in urban streams and riparian wetlands). Melanie graduated from UMBC in 2011. She is currently at the National Marine Fisheries Service, NOAA, and is an Early Career Respresentative on the AGU Council.

Dr. Garth Lindner (dissertation topic: Controls on reach scale hydrologic response in urban streams and implications for restoration design). Garth graduated in Fall 2014 and is currently working as a postdoctoral researcher at the Missouri Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Missouri-Columbia.

Dr. Laura Merner (dissertation topic: Power and knowledge: flood hazard in the flood hazard in the coalfields of southern West Virginia). Laura graduated in 2014 and is currently working at the American Institute of Physics. She is planning to publish her dissertation with a university press.

 

M.S. student Daniel Jones , co-advised with Matt Baker (thesis topic: Examing development-induced geomorphic change using multi-temporal lidar-derived digital elevation models). Dan graduated in 2013. He is currently with the Eastern Geographic Science Center at USGS in Reston, VA.

M.S. student Mitchell Donovan (thesis topic: Quantifying remobilization rates of legacy sediment from Maryland Piedmont floodplains). Mitchell graduated in 2014 and is currently working on a Fulbright fellowship at University of Turku,  Finland. Upon his return to the U.S. this summer, he will begin a Ph.D. fellowship in the Department of Watershed Science at Utah State University.

M.S. student Judith Krieg. Judy, a retired physician who joined us at UMBC to complete an M.S. in Geography & Environmental Systems, graduated in 2011.

M.S. student Lisa Fraley-McNeal, co-advised with Claire Welty (thesis topic: Interaction Between Channel Morphology and Spatial Patterns of Sediment Storage and Remobilization in Valley Creek, Valley Forge National Historical Park, Pennsylvania). Lisa graduated in 2006. She is currently Research specialist with the Center for Watershed Protection.

Recent Research Activities

  • Assessment of stream restoration impacts on urban sediment load and comparison with TMDL guidelines (Chesapeake Bay Trust; July 1, 2014 – March 31, 2016); with Claire Welty (co-PI)
  • Coastal SEES Collaborative Research: Restoration, redevelopment, revitalization and nitrogen in a coastal watershed (NSF Coastal SEES Program; July 1, 2014 – June 30, 2017); with Claire Welty, UMBC (PI) and co-PIs from Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, University of Maryland, UNC-Chapel Hill, US Forest Service, US Geological Survey
  • Quantifying remobilization rates of legacy sediment from Maryland Piedmont floodplains (Maryland Water Resources Research Center; July 1, 2012 – June 30, 2013)
  • Implications of restoration design for hydrologic response in urban streams (Maryland Sea Grant Graduate Fellowship, awarded to Garth Lindner; January 13, 2013 – August 31, 2014)
  • Collaborative Research: Regional Climate Variability and Patterns of Urban Development – Impacts on the Urban Water Cycle and Nutrient Transport  (NSF Water Sustainability and Climate Program; January 1, 2011 – December 31, 2015) ; with Claire Welty, UMBC (PI) and co-PIs from Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Princeton University, Ohio State University, Penn State University, University of Maryland – College Park, University of Rhode Island, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Forest Service
  • Baltimore Ecosystem Study, Ecological Research Phase III: Adapative Processes in the Baltimore Socio-Ecological System – From the Sanitary to the Sustainable City ( NSF LTER Program; November 1, 2010 to October 31, 2016;  PI: S. Pickett)
Recent Publications

Miller, A.J., J.A. Smith, M.L. Baeck, P.D. Bates, K.L. Meierdiercks, and T.J. Fewtrell, in revision, Anatomy of an urban flood, Water Resources Research.

Barnes, M.L., C. Welty, and A.J. Miller, in revision, Global topographic slope enforcement to ensure connectivity and drainage in an urban terrain. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering.

Smith, B., J.A. Smith, M.L. Baeck, and A.J. Miller, in review, Exploring Storage and Runoff Generation Processes for Urban Flooding through a Physically-based Watershed Model. Water Resources Research.

Donovan, M., A.J. Miller, M.E. Baker and A. Gellis, accepted, Sediment contributions from floodplains and legacy sediments to Maryland Piedmont floodplains. Geomorphology.

Bhaskar, A.S., C. Welty, R.M. Maxwell, and A.J. Miller, 2015, Untangling the effects of urban development on subsurface storage in Baltimore. Water Resources Research, DOI: 10.1002/2014WR016039.

Harrison, M.L., A.J. Miller, P. Groffman, P. Mayer, and S. Kaushal, 2014, Hydrologic controls on nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in relict oxbow wetlands adjacent to an urban restored stream. Journal of the American Water Resources Association DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12193

Jones, D.K., M.E. Baker, A.J. Miller, S.T. Jarnagin, D.M. Hogan, 2014, Tracking geomorphic signatures of watershed suburbanization with multi-temporal LIDAR. Geomorphology 219, 42-52.

Smith, J.A., M.L. Baeck, G. Villarini, C. Welty, A.J. Miller, and W.F. Krajewski, 2012, Analyses of a long-term high-resolution radar rainfall data set for the Baltimore metropolitan region, Water Resources Research W04504, doi:10.1029/2011WR010641.

Lindner, G.A. and A.J. Miller, 2012, Numerical modeling of stage-discharge relationships in urban streams. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 17: 590-596.

Meierdiercks, K.L., J.A. Smith, M.L. Baeck, and A.J. Miller, 2010, Heterogeneity of hydrologic response in urban watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 46:1221-1237.

Meierdiercks, K.L, J.A. Smith, M.L. Baeck, and A.J. Miller, 2010, Analyses of urban drainage network structure and its impact on hydrologic response. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 46:932-943.

Ntelekos, A.A., M. Oppenheimer, J.A. Smith and A.J. Miller, 2010, Urbanization, climate change and flood policy in the United States. Climatic Change. 99, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9789-6.

Fraley, L.M., A.J. Miller, and C. Welty, 2009, Contribution of in-channel processes to sediment yield of an urbanizing watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45:748-766.

Recent Presentations

Donovan, M.R., A.J. Miller, M.E. Baker, and A.C. Gellis, 2014. Remobilization rates and cumulative contributions of floodplains and legacy sediments from Piedmont tributaries. Abstract EP33A-3631, presented at Fall 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 14-19 Dec.

Collins, M., G. Boardman, W. Banks,M. Andrews, M. Conlon, J. Dillow, A. Gellis, S. Lowe, S. McClain, A. Miller, N. Snyder, P. Wilcock, 2014. Dam breach release of non-cohesive sediments: channel response and recovery rates. Abstract EP31E-07, presented at Fall 2014 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 14-19 Dec.

Lindner, G.A. and A.J. Miller, 2014. Can stream restoration mitigate flashy hydrologic response in urban waterhseds? Baltimore Ecosystem Study Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD 23 Oct.

Miller, A.J., C. Welty, and G.A. Lindner, 2013. Does stormwater management make a difference? Abstract H21J-1106, presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 Dec.

Donovan, M. R., Miller, A. J., Baker, M. E., Gellis, A., 2013. Assessing the contribution of legacy sediment and mill dam storage to sediment budgets in the Piedmont of Maryland. Presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 Dec.

Collins, M., Andrews, M., Banks, W. , Boardman, G. , Dillow, J. J. , Gellis, A. , Harbold, W. , Killian, J. , Lowe, S. , McClain, S. , Miller, A. J. , Stranko, S. , Wilcock, P., 2013. Physical and Biological Responses to Dam Removal Sediment Release, Patapsco River, Maryland. Presented at 2013 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 Dec.

Barnes, M. , Welty, C. , Miller, A. J. , Cole, J. , 2013. Integrated groundwater-surface water modeling at the neighborhood scale in urbanized hydrologic systems. Presented at American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA.

Welty, C. , Bou-Zeid, E. , Doheny, E. , Gold, A. , Groffman, P. , Grove, M. , Kaushal, S. , Klaiber, A. , Irwin, E. , Miller, A. J., Newburn, D. , Smith, J. A. , Towe, C. , 2013. Regional climate variability and patterns of urban development – Impacts on the urban water cycle and nutrient export. Presented at American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA.

Bhaskar, A. S. , Welty, C. , Maxwell, R. M. , Miller, A. J., 2013. Evaluation of the impacts of urban development on groundwater storage at the regional scale. Presented at American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA.

Lindner, G. A. , Miller, A. J. , 2013. Implications of Restoration Design for Hydrologic Response in Urban Streams.  Presented at Mid-Atlantic Stream Restoration Conference, (October 30, 2013).

Miller, A. J. , 2013. Stormwater management and hydrologic response in BES watersheds. Presented at Baltimore Ecosystem Study Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD.

Miller, A. J., 2013. Transformation of the hydrologic cycle by the engineered geomorphology of urban landscapes. Presented to Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists – Baltimore-Washington-Harrisburg Chapter, Frederick, MD.

Miller, A. J., 2013. The engineered geomorphology of urban landscapes and transformation of the hydrologic cycle. Presented to  Geological Society of Washington, Washington, D.C.

Miller, A.J., G.A. Lindner, S.Z. Shamer, K.M. Schmidt, M.J. Kather, D. Jones, M. Baker, and C. Welty, 2012. Watershed hydrologic response and drainage network topology across a spectrum of urban development patterns. Abstract H51J-1490, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 Dec.

Miller, A.J., G. Lindner, S. Shamer, K. Schmidt, M. Kather, D. Jones, M. Baker, C. Welty, 2012. Watershed hydrologic response and drainage-network topology across a spectrum of urban development patterns. To be presented at Fall Meeting, American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, Cali., 3-7 Dec.

Miller, A.J., G. Lindner, S. Shamer, K. Schmidt, M. Kather, D. Jones, M. Baker, C. Welty, 2012. Storm-event hydrologic response across a spectrum of development patterns and watershed types among Gwynns Falls tributaries. Baltimore Ecosystem Study Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, 24 Oct.

T.  J. Fewtrell, J. C. Neal, J. A. Smith, P. D. Bates, A. J. Miller, M. L. Baeck and G. Villarini, 2012. Flood inundation modeling for urban watersheds. Abstract EGU2012-11150,  European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria 22-27 Apr.

Miller, A.J., G.A. Lindner, J.A. Smith, M.L. Baeck, C. Welty, J. Miller, K.L. Meierdiercks, 2011. Characterization of nested watershed hydrologic response from high-resolution rainfall and runoff data.  Abstract H53J-1549, presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif., 5-9 Dec.

Courses Taught

Physical Geography, Principles of Geology, Geomorphology, Water Quality, Natural Environment of Chesapeake Bay, Water Resources, Hydrology, Fluvial Geomorphology, Introduction to Geography and Environmental Systems, Water in the Urban Environment, Research Design for the Urban Environment

Public Service

EPA Chesapeake Bay Program Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee, 2013-present.

Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality, 2011-present.

Maryland Commission on Climate Change, Scientific and Technical Working Group, 2008-2011.